The most common side effect of topical corticosteroid use is skin atrophy. All topical steroids can induce atrophy, but higher potency steroids, occlusion, thinner skin, and older patient age increase the risk. The face, the backs of the hands, and intertriginous areas are particularly susceptible. Resolution often occurs after discontinuing use of these agents, but it may take months. Concurrent use of topical tretinoin (Retin-A) % may reduce the incidence of atrophy from chronic steroid applications. 30 Other side effects from topical steroids include permanent dermal atrophy, telangiectasia, and striae.
At least one studio made a conscious effort to keep its leading man squeaky clean. Before Cavill began his grueling five-month preproduction training for Steel , Warner Bros. requested a list of exactly what the training team might ask Cavill to use. Twight gladly complied, given that he believes radical body recomposition can be done naturally when it is guided by experienced trainers and driven by discipline and commitment. For Cavill, Twight recommended only Udo's Oil (a blend of essential fatty acids) and magnesium to aid sleep, the time when growth hormone occurs naturally.
The Expert Group emphasized that while all patients with SRNS should initially be referred to a pediatric nephrologist for evaluation, the subsequent care might be collaborative involving the primary pediatrician and the nephrologist. Following the diagnosis of SRNS (lack of remission despite treatment with prednisolone at 2 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks), all patients (with initial or late resistance) should undergo a renal biopsy, before instituting specific treatment. Patients with idiopathic SRNS secondary to minimal change disease or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis should receive similar therapy. Effective regimens include treatment with calcineurin inhibitors (tacrolimus, cyclosporine), intra-venous cyclophosphamide or a combination of pulse corticosteroids with oral cyclophosphamide, and tapering doses of alternate day corticosteroids. Supportive management comprises of, when indicated, therapy with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and statins. It is expected that these guidelines shall enable standardization of care for patients with SRNS in the country.